I’m not sure if our hot, dry summer has more unpleasant surprises in store for us, but I’m definitely thinking about how to have a more successful vegetable garden in 2022.
I had mixed results in this year’s garden. The pumpkins, zucchinis and winter squash didn’t seem to mind the intense heat and produced well. The cantaloupes and sweet potatoes, which are growing inside our hoop house, are doing great. I’ve kept both doors open to keep them from getting excessively hot and to allow pollinators access to the melon blossoms.
Before our heat wave hit in late June, the corn had been growing by leaps and bounds. After a few days of 100-plus degree temperatures, the highest leaves on each cornstalk were burned to a crisp. The plants stopped growing but produced our earliest – and smallest – harvest ever.
The pole beans, which have always been so reliable, produced far more short, curly beans instead of the long, slender beans we’ve come to expect.
The tomato plants shut down for a few weeks: no blossoms, very few developing fruits and evidence of blossom-end rot on many of them. About half of my carrot varieties bolted to seed.
What’s a gardener to do? Look for more heat-tolerant crops and varieties that might perform better if we’re presented with similar conditions next year.
According to my research, most green beans don’t handle excessive heat very well. Two pole varieties that show potential, however, are Rattlesnake and Fortex. Prevail bush beans have a good reputation, as well.
I’ve read about some tomato varieties purported to do well in hot, dry climates but haven’t had any experience growing them. They include Arkansas Traveler, Grand Marshall, Great White Beefsteak, Marvel Stripe, Purple Calabash, Solar Flare and Summer Set.
One of my Facebook followers recently suggested that corn varieties grown in the Midwest might be worth trying here if our future summers are as hot and dry as this year’s. My research yielded varieties such as Bodacious, Honey ’n Pearl, Illini Xtra-Sweet and Kandy Korn.
Most varieties of spinach will bolt to seed once summer temperatures heat up. I don’t believe there are traditional varieties that would make it through the heat we experienced, but there are some non-spinach alternatives.
The leaves of Malabar spinach have a similar flavor and grow on attractive vines. Red Orach also tastes like spinach and has beautiful purplish-red leaves. New Zealand spinach has succulent stems and leaves, which gives them heat tolerance.
I wish there were lettuce varieties that didn’t bolt when hot weather arrives. There are some that are slower to bolt – such as Cherokee, Muir, New Red Fire and Salvius – but all lettuce typically becomes bitter in the heat.
Did your cucumber vines struggle this summer? I recently learned that Armenian cucumbers grow and produce beautifully under hot conditions. They are technically melons but taste like cucumbers and do not become bitter. It might be fun to give them a try next year.
If you grew hot peppers this year, I should offer a word of warning. During normal summers, some gardeners cut back on the water to produce spicier peppers. With our excessive heat and drought, you might be in for a big surprise!
No matter what you grow in the coming summers, I believe a bit of trial-and-error is in order, and I would love to hear which crops and varieties perform best for you.
Susan Mulvihill is author of “The Vegetable Garden Pest Handbook.” She can be reached at email@example.com. Watch this week’s “Everyone Can Grow a Garden” video at youtube.com/susansinthegarden.
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