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Tue., Feb. 19, 2013, 6:02 p.m.

Background check bill passes House panel


OLYMPIA – A bill requiring almost all gun buyers in Washington to undergo a background check passed a key House panel Tuesday and will likely be part of a package of gun laws up for a floor vote in March.

Despite heavy criticism last week from gun-rights activists, the House Judiciary Committee passed the so-called Universal Background Check bill on a 7-6 vote.

It would require buyers in most private firearms sales either to submit to the same background check they would undergo if buying the gun at a licensed dealer or to produce a valid state concealed pistol license. . .

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. . . Either system would help show that a buyer is not banned from owning a firearm because of a criminal record, mental health problems or a court order. The seller could keep a copy of the background check or the license to prove he or she complied with the law, but the law enforcement agency or dealer could not keep a record of the background check.

Rep. Jamie Pedersen, D-Seattle, the chairman of the committee and sponsor of the bill, said it won’t stop every tragedy, but will help prevent sales to people who should not have access to firearms.

Rep. Matt Shea, R-Spokane Valley, said the extra cost of a background check would be a barrier to poor people wanting to buy a gun to protect themselves. The bill allows law dealers and enforcement agencies to charge $20 for the background check; dealers usually charge between $30 and $60, and an amendment may allow them to charge their standard rate.

The 2nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution says the right to bear arms “shall not be infringed” and the state Constitution says it “shall not be impaired,” Shea said, and this bill violates those provisions.

But Pedersen said current law already requires background checks at gun dealers, and those don’t violate constitutional rights.

A background check isn’t required for the sale of an antique firearm or relic, and if the report doesn’t come back within three days, the transaction can be completed without it.

Pedersen said he expected the background check bill to be among a package of legislation addressing ways to reduce gun violence the full House will vote on in mid-March. He said co-sponsors hope to work with gun-rights organizations before then to work on amendments that will address some of their concerns. 

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Jim Camden
Jim Camden joined The Spokesman-Review in 1981. He is currently the political reporter and state government reporter in the newspaper's Olympia bureau office.

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