WASHINGTON – Seven Iranian computer specialists with ties to Tehran have been charged by U.S. prosecutors with launching cyberattacks that cost banks millions of dollars, the Justice Department announced Thursday.
One of the hackers was also accused of infiltrating the computers of a small dam in New York. He would have been able to control the dam’s gates had they not been disconnected from the facility’s computer network at the time of the intrusion, officials said.
“These attacks were relentless, and they were widespread,” U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch said at a news conference announcing the charges. “They threatened our economic well-being and our ability to compete fairly in the marketplace – both of which are directly linked to our national security.”
The three-count indictment, filed in January in New York City and unsealed Thursday, alleged that the seven men worked for two computer companies in Iran – ITSecTeam and Mersad Co. – that performed work on behalf of the government and its Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
In 2011 and 2012, the hackers allegedly launched concerted denial-of-service attacks on several U.S. financial institutions, including Bank of America, Citibank and the New York Stock Exchange. Such attacks involve blasting computer servers with so much data that they have difficulty processing legitimate transactions.
Federal prosecutors said the attacks disabled websites and prevented customers from accessing their accounts.
One of the hackers also slipped into the computer system of the Bowman Dam, in Rye, N.Y., about 30 miles north of New York City. The 2013 hack would have allowed the Iranian, identified as Hamid Firoozi, 34, to remotely operate the dam’s sluice gates if they had been connected to the system.
“That access would have given him the ability to control water levels and flow rates, an outcome that could have posed a clear and present danger to the public health and safety of Americans,” Lynch said.
The United States will have a hard time getting its hands on the Iranians, whose government is unlikely to hand them over for prosecution. Even so, federal authorities said the indictment sent a strong message to those who might ponder committing such crimes.
“The world is small, and our memories are long,” said FBI Director James B. Comey.
Local journalism is essential.
Give directly to The Spokesman-Review's Northwest Passages community forums series -- which helps to offset the costs of several reporter and editor positions at the newspaper -- by using the easy options below. Gifts processed in this system are not tax deductible, but are predominately used to help meet the local financial requirements needed to receive national matching-grant funds.
Subscribe to the Coronavirus newsletter
Get the day’s latest Coronavirus news delivered to your inbox by subscribing to our newsletter.