The New York Jets of the upstart American Football League defeat the heavily favored Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III.
President Richard Nixon is inaugurated.
The Beatles play what will be their final public show on the roof of their London headquarters.
The Boeing 747 “jumbo jet” is test-flown for the first time in Everett.
In Tinker v. Des Moines, the Supreme Court rules that First Amendment protections also apply to students in school.
Levi’s begins selling bell-bottomed blue jeans.
John Lennon and his new wife, Yoko Ono, begin a “bed-in for peace” protest in their Amsterdam hotel room.
16-year-old “Robert R.” of St. Louis dies of a mysterious ailment. Tests conducted years later will suggest he may have been the first victim of AIDS in the US.
“Midnight Cowboy” starring Jon Voight and Dustin Hoffman is released in theaters. It will become the first X-rated film to win an Oscar for Best Picture.
The polluted Cuyahoga River in Cleveland catches fire — not for the first time — but this incident would lead to creation of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Movie star and singer Judy Garland dies in London of a drug overdose.
A police raid on Stonewall Inn, a gay bar and grill in New York’s Greenwich Village, leads to a riot, protests and, eventually, the birth of the modern Gay Rights movement.
The U.S. makes the first troop withdrawals from the Vietnam War.
“Easy Rider” starring Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper is released.
Massachusetts Sen. Edward Kennedy is involved in an accident on Chappaquiddick Island that kills a female friend. He doesn’t report the crash until the next morning.
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first men to set foot on the moon. NASA will make five more manned moon landings before Project Apollo ends in December 1972.
Nixon announces a new policy of “Vietnamization”: To let allied countries take the lead in fighting their own wars.
Actress Sharon Tate and four others are brutally murdered in her house in the hills north of Hollywood. A “family” of hippies are later accused and tried for the crimes.
More than 400,000 people show up to a music festival held on a New York dairy farm highlighted by performances by Janis Joplin, Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young and Jimi Hendrix.
Category 5 Hurricane Camille makes landfall near Gulfport, Mississippi. 259 people will die as a result of the storm.
The Saturday morning animated TV show “Scooby-Doo, Where Are You?” debuts on CBS.
Activists Jerry Rubin, Abbie Hoffman, Tom Hayden and five more are put on trial for inciting riots at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago the previous year.
“The Brady Bunch” sitcom debuts on ABC-TV.
The Beatles’ “Abbey Road” album is released.
The comedy show “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” debuts in the U.K. on BBC 1
In an upset victory nearly as big as the Super Bowl nine months before, the New York Mets defeat the Baltimore Orioles in the World Series.
The first message is sent via ARPANET, which will evolve into today’s internet.
The children’s show “Sesame Street” debuts on public television.
Journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the story about the incident in My Lai, South Vietnam.
Reports had emerged over the summer that U.S. troops had killed at least 350 civilians the previous year in the Vietnamese village of My Lai. Eventually, Lt. William Calley Jr. was court-martialed for the incident.
The first draft lottery since World War II begins.
During a show by the Rolling Stones at the Altamont Speedway Free Festival in California, a security guard from Hells Angels stabs to death a pistol-waving member of the audience.
The animated holiday special “Frosty the Snowman” debuts on CBS-TV.
Sources: “Chronicle of America” edited by John W. Kirshon, “Days of Destiny” by James M. McPherson and Alan Brinkley, “Flashpoints in History” by Ben Hubbard, “The American President” by Kathryn Moore, Chicago Tribune, Washington Post