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FAST FOOD KINGS

By Charles Apple
The Spokesman-Review

On this date 80 years ago, the first McDonald’s restaurant opened in San Bernardino, California. Before long, the U.S. would be stuffed from sea to shining sea with fast food franchise restaurants.

(McDonald’s)

After giving the movie business a try and then running a hot dog stand, brothers Dick and Mac McDonald opened “McDonald’s Bar-B-Q” drive-in restaurant in San Bernardino, California. on May 15, 1940 (above, left). They employed 20 carhops to take orders and to haul food out to diners who waited in their cars.

By 1948, the McDonalds had discovered they were burning up revenues with certain high-cost, low-return offerings. So they shut down their restaurant for two months, got rid of the carhops and pared their menu down to just nine items: Hamburgers, cheeseburgers, potatoes and drinks.

The resulting walk-up burger stand was wildly successful. They began opening more restaurants in California and Arizona.

At some point, the McDonald brothers added milkshakes to their menu. In 1954, Chicago-based milkshake mixer salesman Ray Kroc received a large order from the McDonalds. Intrigued, he traveled to San Bernardino, fell in love with the place and bought franchise rights from the brothers.

Kroc would open his first franchised McDonald’s restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois, in April 1955.

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The 25 largest quick-service and fast casual restaurant chains

Ranked by number of restaurants by QSR magazine, August 2019

1. SUBWAY ... 24,798

Founded: 1965 | Bridgeport, Conn.

Fred DeLuca borrowed $1,000 from a friend and opened Pete’s Super Submarines.


2. STARBUCKS ... 14,825

Founded: 1971 | Seattle

Three former classmates at the University of San Francisco decided to sell high-quality coffee beans. Starbucks’ didn’t begin selling coffee until 1987.


3. McDONALD’S ... 13,914

Founded: 1940 | San Bernardino, Calif.


4. DUNKIN’ ... 9,419

Founded: 1950 | Quincy, Mass.

A restaurant worker noticed the most popular items were coffee and donuts. He opened a stand he called Open Kettle.


5. PIZZA HUT ... 7,456

Founded: 1958 | Wichita, Kan.

Founded in a small brick building by two Wichita State University students. Within a year, they owned six restaurants.


6. BURGER KING ... 7,327

Founded: 1953 | Jacksonville, Fla.

The founders visited a McDonald’s and decided to copy the idea, but by broiling, rather than frying, burgers. Restaurant was first called Insta-Burger King.


7. WENDY’S ... 6,711

Founded: 1969 | Columbus, Ohio

After success running Kentucky Fried Chicken restaurants, Dave Thomas began selling hamburgers with square patties – to make it look like there was more meat.


8. TACO BELL ... 6,588

Founded: 1962 | Downey, Calif.

Named for founder Glen Bell, who originally set out to sell hot dogs. Chain was bought by PepsiCo in 1978.


9. DOMINO’S ... 5,876

Founded: 1960 | Ypsilanti, Mich.

Two brothers took over an existing pizza delivery restaurant called DomiNick’s.


10. DAIRY QUEEN ... 4,406

Founded: 1940 | Joliet, Ill.

A man and his son developed a new style of soft-serve ice cream and convinced a friend to sell it in his shop.


11. LITTLE CAESARS ... 4,262

Founded: 1959 | Garden City, Mich.

Mike and Marian Ilitch opened their first restaurant in a strip mall. They called it Little Caesar’s Pizza Treat.


12. KFC ... 4,074

Founded: 1930 | North Corbin, Ky.

Harland Sanders began selling home-cooked chicken and ham from his Shell gas station during the Great Depression.


13. SONIC DRIVE-IN ... 3,606

Founded: 1953 | Shawnee, Okla.

The founders opened a root beer stand and a steak restaurant. They found sales at the stand were much better.


14. PAPA JOHN’S ... 3,337

Founded: 1984 | Jeffersonville, Ind.

John Schnatter sold his Camero Z28 and opened a pizza joint in the broom closet of his father’s tavern.


15. ARBY’S ... 3,329

Founded: 1954 | Boardman, Ohio

Brothers Forrest and Leroy Raffel wanted to open a roast beef stand. The name means R.B., for Raffel Brothers.


16. JIMMY JOHN’S ... 2,803

Founded: 1983 | Charleston, Ill.

The founder was given an option by his father: Join the military or start a business. He started with hot dogs.


17. BASKIN-ROBBINS ... 2,550

Founded: 1945 | Glendale, Calif.

Brothers-in-law who owned competing ice cream parlors decided to combine their businesses.


18. CHIPOTLE ... 2,491

Founded: 1993 | Denver

Chain had grown to 16 restaurants over five years when McDonald’s invested in the chain, opening more than 500 more.


19. CHICK-FIL-A ... 2,400

Founded: 1967 | Atlanta

The owner of a restaurant called the Dwarf Grill found a pressure cooker that could cook chicken quickly.


20. POPEYES ... 2,368

Founded: 1972 | Arabi, La.

The founder wanted to compete with Kentucky Fried Chicken. The original name for his restaurant: Chicken on the Run.


21. JACK IN THE BOX ... 2,237

Founded: 1951 | San Diego

The founder owned several circus-themed restaurants and then bought the rights to a new intercom-based ordering system.


22. PANDA EXPRESS ... 2,104

Founded: 1983 | Glendale, Calif.

Owners of the Panda Inn in Pasadena were invited to open a fast-food version of their restaurant in a mall food court.


23. PANERA BREAD ... 2,093

Founded: 1987 | Kirkwood, Mo.

Founded with a Small Business Administration Loan as the St. Louis Bread Co. Was bought by Au Bon Pain Co. in 1993.


24. HARDEE’S ... 1,864

Founded: 1960 | Rocky Mount, N.C.

The chain was bought by the corporate parent of Carl’s Jr. in 1997 for $327 million.


25. JERSEY MIKE’S ... 1,494

Founded: 1956 | Point Pleasant, N.J.

The founder and current CEO was 17 years old when he raised $125,000 in three days to buy his first restaurant.


Sources: Chicago Tribune, Detroit News, Glendale (Calif.) News-Press, (Rancho Cucamonga, Calif.) Inland Valley Daily Bulletin, the Los Angeles Times, Louisville Courier-Journal, New Castle (Pa.) News, The New York Times, (Crystal Lake, Ill.) Northwest Herald, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Rocky Mountain News, USA Today, the Washington Post, the Associated Press, Bloomberg BusinessWeek, Business Insider, Fortune magazine, Investor’s Business Daily, The New Yorker, People magazine, QSR magazine, Southern Living, Time magazine, American National Biography, CBS News, CNN Money, Encyclopedia Britannica, History.com, Metro Monthly, MLive.com, Thrillist, “Fast Food and Junk Food: An Encyclopedia of What We Love to Eat” by Andrew F. Smith, Arby’s, Baskin-Robbins, Chick-fil-A, Dairy Queen, Dunkin’, Jack in the Box, Jersey Mike’s Subs, KFC, Papa John’s, Popeye’s Louisiana Kitchen, Sonic, Starbucks, Subway, Taco Bell