1776: The Continental Congress passed a resolution that “these United Colonies are, and of right, ought to be, Free and Independent States.”
1881: President Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died that September.
1937: Aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight at the equator.
1961: Author Ernest Hemingway shot himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
1964: President Johnson signed a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.
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