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Nation marks landmark day


Imani Sankofa, of Indianapolis, listens to a program commemorating the 50th anniversary of Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education at the Statehouse in Indianapolis on Monday.Imani Sankofa, of Indianapolis, listens to a program commemorating the 50th anniversary of Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education at the Statehouse in Indianapolis on Monday.
 (Associated PressAssociated Press / The Spokesman-Review)
Imani Sankofa, of Indianapolis, listens to a program commemorating the 50th anniversary of Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education at the Statehouse in Indianapolis on Monday.Imani Sankofa, of Indianapolis, listens to a program commemorating the 50th anniversary of Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education at the Statehouse in Indianapolis on Monday. (Associated PressAssociated Press / The Spokesman-Review)
Associated Press

TOPEKA, Kan. – Half a century after the Supreme Court banned school segregation, President Bush and Democratic rival John Kerry found agreement Monday on the point that America still falls short of racial equality despite progress across many fronts.

“The habits of racism in America have not all been broken,” Bush said. “The habits of respect must be taught to every generation.” He spoke outside the once all-black Monroe Elementary School in Topeka, central to the unanimous ruling that outlawed a “separate but equal” doctrine.

Kerry, several hours earlier and several blocks away, stood on the steps of the state Capitol and said, “We have to defend the progress that has been made, but we also have to move the cause forward.” He blamed many persistent problems on the Bush administration.

Bush hopes to make election-year inroads among black Americans skeptical of his commitment to equal opportunity. In 2000, blacks supported Democrat Al Gore by a 9-1 margin.

“Fifty years ago today, nine judges announced that they had looked at the Constitution and saw no justification for the segregation and humiliation of an entire race,” Bush said.

“Here on the corner of 15th and Monroe, and in schools like it across America, that was a day of justice, and it was a long time coming.” He said the ruling “changed America for the better – and forever.”

With the two-story brick schoolhouse behind him, Bush spoke to adults who lived through the civil rights era and kids just learning about the Brown case.

Kerry, speaking to an audience that included civil rights leaders, said that half a century after the 1954 Brown v. Topeka Board of Education case, schools remain underfunded and divided by income. The health care system has too many disparities by race and one-third of black children live in poverty, Kerry said.

“We should not delude ourselves into thinking for an instant that because Brown represents the law we have achieved our goal, that the work of Brown is done when there are those who still seek, in different ways, to see it undone – to roll back affirmative action, to restrict equal rights, to undermine the promise of our Constitution,” he said.

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