1797: Albany became the capital of New York state, replacing New York City.
1863: President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that slaves in rebel states were free.
1892: The Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York formally opened.
1901: The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed.
1945: France was admitted to the United Nations.
1953: Country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, died of a drug and alcohol overdose while en route to a concert date in Canton, Ohio.
1958: Treaties establishing the European Economic Community went into effect.
1959: Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over Fulgencio Batista.
1979: The United States and China held celebrations in Washington and Beijing to mark the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
1984: The break-up of AT&T; took place as the telecommunications giant was divested of its 22 Bell System companies under terms of an antitrust agreement.
1990: David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor.
1992: Czechoslovakia peacefully split into two new countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
1994: The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect.
sponsored According to two 2015 surveys, 62 percent of Americans do not have enough savings to handle an unexpected emergency, much less any long-term plans.