WASHINGTON – Struggling to break a perilous deadlock, President Barack Obama took direct control Friday of national debt-limit negotiations with both Republicans and Democrats. With the White House warning the nation’s economic stability is at stake, it’s one of the most severe tests yet of Obama’s presidency.
Absent an agreement that cuts long-term deficits, Republicans say they will not vote to increase the nation’s borrowing, which will exceed its $14.3 trillion limit on Aug. 2.
Discussions led by Vice President Joe Biden that were designed to trim about $2 trillion from long-term deficits abruptly stalled this week, leading Obama to step in Friday and summon the top Senate leaders to the White House.
On Monday morning, Obama plans to meet with Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., and in the early evening he will sit down with Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky. McConnell and House Speaker John Boehner have repeatedly said that no deal can include tax hikes.
Democrats, including Obama, say a major deficit-reduction agreement must include tax increases or the elimination of tax breaks for big companies and wealthy individuals.
Amid an economic slowdown, persistently high unemployment and a looming deadline for action, the negotiations will challenge Obama’s ability to forge a compromise that gives all sides a reason to claim victory.
On Thursday, the two Republicans who had been negotiating with Biden – House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, R-Va., and Sen. Jon Kyl, R-Ariz. – abandoned those talks.
Ultimately, there was only so much that those discussions would yield, and it was clear that Obama and the top leaders in Congress at some point would have to step in.
Both sides repeated their negotiating positions on Friday.
“The president is willing to make tough choices, but he cannot ask the middle class and seniors to bear all the burden for deficit reduction and to sacrifice while millionaires and billionaires and special interests get off the hook,” White House spokesman Jay Carney said.
Democrats and the White House seemed ready to portray Republicans as beholden to the rich and to big oil and gas companies. The Democrats’ tax proposals include ending subsidies to oil and gas companies, a proposal that has failed in the Senate.
In a statement following the White House invitation to Monday’s talks, McConnell said Obama needs to decide between tax hikes or a bipartisan agreement. “He can’t have both,” McConnell said.
“Sadly, the Democrats’ response has been a mystifying call for more stimulus spending and huge tax hikes on American job creators. That’s not serious, and it is my hope that the president will take those off the table on Monday so that we can have a serious discussion about our country’s economic future,” McConnell said.
Boehner warned the president that including any tax increase would doom a vote on raising the debt ceiling.