August 18, 2013 in Nation/World

Egypt’s al-Fatah mosque sees raging battle

Maggie Michael And Tony G. Gabriel Associated Press
 
Associated Press photo

Egyptian security forces escort an Islamist supporter of the Muslim Brotherhood out of the al-Fath mosque Saturday after hundreds of Islamist protesters barricaded themselves inside overnight.
(Full-size photo)

Rise and fall

Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, founded in 1928, has been banned for most of its 85-year history. The group was repeatedly subjected to crackdowns under Hosni Mubarak’s rule as president. Following the overthrow of Mubarak in a popular uprising in 2011, the Brotherhood came to power with the election of Mohammed Morsi as president. Morsi was ousted in a military overthrow July 3.

CAIRO – Egyptian security forces stormed a Cairo mosque Saturday after a heavy exchange of gunfire with armed men shooting down from a minaret, rounding up hundreds of supporters of the country’s ousted president who had sought refuge there overnight after violent clashes killed 173 people.

The raid on the al-Fath mosque on Ramses Square was prompted by fears that deposed President Mohammed Morsi’s group, the Muslim Brotherhood, again planned to set up a sit-in, security officials said, similar to those that were broken up Wednesday in assaults that killed hundreds of people.

The arrest of the brother of al-Qaida chief Ayman al-Zawahri came in connection to the raid on the mosque. Officials said that he planned to bring in armed groups to provide support to those holed up inside the mosque.

Mohammed al-Zawahri, a Morsi ally, leads the ultraconservative Jihadi Salafi group which espouses al-Qaida’s hard-line ideology. He was detained at a checkpoint in Giza, the city across the Nile from Cairo, the official said.

The Egyptian government, meanwhile, announced it had begun deliberations on whether to ban the Brotherhood, a long-outlawed organization that swept to power in the country’s first democratic elections a year ago.

Such a ban – which authorities say is rooted in the group’s use of violence – would be a repeat to the decadeslong power struggle between the state and the Brotherhood.

For more than a month since the July 3 military overthrow of Morsi, Brotherhood members and supporters have attacked and torched scores of police stations and churches in retaliation. Shops and houses of Christians have also been targeted.

Such attacks spurred widespread public anger against the Brotherhood, giving the military-backed government popular backing to step up its campaign against the Islamist group. It reminded people of a decade-long Islamist insurgency against Mubarak’s rule in the 1990s which only strengthened security agencies and ended up with thousands of Islamic fundamentalists imprisoned.

The unrest in Egypt has raised international concerns over the country’s stability and prompted U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon to condemn in a statement on Saturday both “violent protests” in reference to Brotherhood’s rallies and the authorities’ “excessive use of force.”

Ban also noted, in an apparent rebuff of Brotherhood demands to reinstate Morsi, that the “political clocks move only forward, not backward” and urged “maximum restraint and shift immediately to de-escalation.”

Former President Jimmy Carter expressed deep concern over the violence, saying it is “rapidly eroding the chances for dialogue and a road to reconciliation.” Carter added that he is “especially concerned that Egyptians are arming themselves and engaging in inter-communal violence.”

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