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Washington lawmakers seek solution to fight over rural water uses

UPDATED: Tue., March 28, 2017, 10:48 p.m.

In this Dec. 6, 2016 photo, Bud Breakey and his wife Deborah pose for a photo with their daughter Kaylin, by the well they paid to drill on property they own near Bellingham, Wash. The couple hopes to live on the land soon and build a house, but in October, the Washington state Supreme Court ruled that Whatcom County failed to protect water resources by allowing new wells to reduce flow in streams for fish and other uses, leaving landowners like the Breakeys in limbo. (Ted S. Warren / AP)
In this Dec. 6, 2016 photo, Bud Breakey and his wife Deborah pose for a photo with their daughter Kaylin, by the well they paid to drill on property they own near Bellingham, Wash. The couple hopes to live on the land soon and build a house, but in October, the Washington state Supreme Court ruled that Whatcom County failed to protect water resources by allowing new wells to reduce flow in streams for fish and other uses, leaving landowners like the Breakeys in limbo. (Ted S. Warren / AP)

OLYMPIA – More construction would be possible in rural areas if lawmakers can agree on a way to rewrite Washington’s water law to address a recent Supreme Court ruling critics say keeps families from building their dream homes.

But supporters of the ruling told a legislative committee Tuesday one attempted rewrite doesn’t do enough to make sure all residents will have the water they need.

Sen. Judy Warnick, R-Moses Lake, told the House Agriculture and Natural Resource Committee her proposal would “give a green light” to many families with a few acres where they would like to build a house but have to drill a well for water supplies, if there are no existing regulations around in-stream flows. It also won’t stop the state from spending tens of millions of dollars to improve those flows, she said.

The bill would not modify existing water-right regulations the Department of Ecology has implemented in several places, including Spokane County, or keep the department from adopting new regulations, Warnick added.

Last October, a divided state Supreme Court said counties must comply with the Growth Management Act and make an independent decision about whether enough water was available before approving a building permit for a project that needed a new well for water. Before the so-called Hirst decision, many counties relied on state Department of Ecology assessments of whether water was available, so well permits were easier to obtain.

Although the ruling involved a Whatcom County case, it has statewide implications. A month after the decision, Spokane County adopted a temporary ordinance, which it extended last month, with limited restrictions that allow for some development.

Frustrated landowners told the committee they can’t build on property they bought to build their family dream homes. Bret Espey said his family bought property in 2015 that is “collateral damage” from the Hirst decision. The land has a well that was drilled but not in use before the ruling and can’t be turned on now.

Groups that represent builders, contractors and farmers all backed some version of Warnick’s bill, arguing the court ruling has shut down needed development around the state.

“Some of us aren’t meant to live in a concrete jungle,” Ingrid Wachtler, president of the Washington State Nursery and Landscape Association, said.

But tribal members and environmentalists argued they’ve been warning about declining water resources for years and any rewrite needs to pay more attention to the cumulative effects of residential wells. Bryce Yadon of FutureWise pointed to a 2013 story by The Spokesman-Review about declining water tables in some areas of Spokane County.

“Water belongs to the people of Washington and should be maintained,” Denise Smith, of the League of Women Voters, said. “It’s a finite resource.”

For some lawmakers, a law addressing the Hirst decision is on the “must-do” list for the 2017 session, second only to satisfying the court’s McCleary order to improve public schools. The committee is expected to vote on Warnick’s bill this week, but will consider two major rewrites of that proposal. Any changes would mean that if the revised bill passes the House it would have to go back to the Senate for another vote.


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