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Earnings are looking bad. but what’s coming could be even worse

Oct. 10, 2022 Updated Mon., Oct. 10, 2022 at 7:45 p.m.

People walk along Wall Street by the New York Stock Exchange on Friday in Manhattan.  (Getty Images)
People walk along Wall Street by the New York Stock Exchange on Friday in Manhattan. (Getty Images)
By Farah Elbahrawy and Elena Popina Bloomberg News

Wall Street is bracing for a rough earnings season as macroeconomic issues weigh on profit margins. But even if third-quarter results aren’t so bad, the bigger fear is what Corporate America sees on the horizon.

Expectations for the reporting cycle, which starts with big banks’ results on Friday, are souring, with a stronger dollar, bloated inventory levels and uncertainty over the Federal Reserve’s rate-hiking cycle cited as the main culprits by analysts at Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley. Companies have to navigate through a challenging environment where company-specific issues are exacerbated by tight financial conditions.

Of course some companies will manage to clear an earnings bar that over the past three months has been lowered by the most since the pandemic. But what investors want to hear are executives’ views on future growth. And on that, the news will probably be bad.

In the past six weeks, bellwether firms like FedEx Corp., Ford Motor Co., Nike Inc., Nvidia Corp., Carnival Corp. and Micron Technology Inc. have either reduced their forecasts or provided a muted outlook, triggering a double-digit rout in most cases. Bank of America thinks more could be on the way.

When it comes to last quarter’s results, “who cares?”, BofA strategists including Savita Subramanian wrote in a note to clients. “Guidance is going to be terrible. We expect guidance to weaken even further going forward and more downward revisions across the board.”

To Morgan Stanley’s Michael Wilson, a double-whammy of inventory oversupply amid slowing demand creates the main risk this earnings season. The inventory problem is particularly acute for consumer retail and IT hardware sectors, a Morgan Stanley team led by Wilson wrote in a note. That will add further fuel to the ongoing slowdown in earnings growth, the strategists said.

“Things like inventory, labor costs and other latent expenses are wreaking havoc on cash flow,” strategists said. “The market has started to see cracks with some bellwether stocks reporting both top-line and bottom-line misses in recent weeks.”

Strong dollar hurts

To strategists at Goldman Sachs, a surging dollar that’s headed for a sixth straight quarterly advance is creating a big headache for companies that derive substantial revenues from overseas. The stronger greenback has historically been linked to fewer sales beats, strategists led by David Kostin wrote in a note, pointing to Levi Strauss & Co., which missed estimates last week partly due to the soaring currency.

Continued dollar strength “would support the performance of stocks with 100% domestic sales relative to those with a higher proportion of foreign sales,” the strategists said. A Goldman basket of stocks that generate 100% of revenues domestically has outperformed one that gets 71% of revenues from foreign sales in nine of the 10 months through September.

Headwinds to margins and tax changes will create additional challenges, Goldman’s strategists wrote. The Inflation Reduction imposes a 15% minimum tax on corporate book income and 1% excise tax on buybacks starting in 2023.

The S&P 500 Index is down 0.7% on Monday following a 2.8% decline on Friday as traders brace for the latest round of earnings announcements. More than 60% of the 724 respondents to the latest MLIV Pulse survey say this earnings season will push the S&P 500 Index even lower. The broad equities benchmark is down 24% this year.

Sanford C. Bernstein strategists Sarah McCarthy and Mark Diver agree, saying there’s further downside to come for U.S. and European stocks, as earnings estimates and investment flows out of equity funds haven’t reached a bottom yet.

“The bear market will not be over until the deteriorating fundamental picture is more fully discounted,” Morgan Stanley’s Wilson wrote in the note. Sentiment will be impacted “when companies throw in the towel” or if there’s an external financial shock.

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